Unemployment, inflation and political chaos followed the First World War in Germany. Yet it was then that graphic design emerged as part of a modern industrial society in the cities of central Northern Europe, not just on posters in the streets, but in letterheads, advertising leaflets, lighted neon sign letters, catalogues for industrial components, and trade fairs. Germany, situated between two powerful avant-gardes, was open to their influence.
To the east was Communism and Constructivism in Soviet Russia; to the west, the doctrinaire enthusiasms of the Dutch De Stijl artists. What was called Commercial Art survived in advertising, notably in the work of the outstanding poster artists such as Hohlwein and Bcrnhard. But visual communication in the 1920s was shaped by the avant-garde artists.
The most prominent artistic movements at the end of the war were Expressionism and Dada. Posters, books and journals produced by Expressionist artists were marked by aggressive illustration, whose violent contrasts were matched by freely drawn lettering or by heavy typefaces originally designed for advertising, and incorporated into business signage designs, and eventualluy exploding in times square, with lighted neon signs, now replaced with lighted Led letters and digital signage.
There was an over-emphasis in these techniques, which left a few remarkable film posters but no lasting mark on design. It was the poets and artists of the Dada movement – anti-establishment, anti-military, anti-art – with their Futurist disdain for tradition, who continued the revolution in the use of words and images. They particularly employed montage, the assembly of ready-made images, and they mixed all kinds of letter forms and printers' ornaments in typographic compositions, bill boards and street advertising.
The advertisement designed by John Heartfield in 1917 to advertise a portfolio of lithographs by his fellow Dadaist George Grosz combined old engraved blocks, found at the printer, with slogans in sans-serif type. The need to lock the type into the printing press demanded rectangular units and thus imposed a strict vertical-horizontal arrangement. To Heartfield this was no restriction: he poured wet plaster around the angled tvpe and blocks to hold them in position for printing. These where then blown up by gpahic artists and used for business signage, and using channel signs for business advertising.
I'm new to Orange County and will be flying out of Jon Wayne today but need to leave my car somewhere. In the past I've parked at a hotel and taken their shuttle, but I'm wondering if there are better deals to be found. What do you all do?
Mid 20's guy looking for a fun and semi competitive recreational league in the Huntington to Irvine area of OC. Anybody looking for a free agent/know of any leagues in basketball, volleyball, kickball or flag football (don't have experience in the last two)?
Hi All, I just moved to California maybe a month or so ago and now that I'm getting more settled, I'd like to start picking my hobbies back up - one of them being culture/speaking Spanish.
I've always had the impression if you don't use it, you lose it. So I'd like to ask if there are any good ways to speak Spanish in the area? Talk centers, tutoring, volunteering options, etc. I know there are options to talk to random people you may meet during the day, but I'm looking for something more...
Looking for a support group of sorts. I've checked meetup.com and nothing really fits the description for what I'm looking for. A while back I started my own group but it didn't really get any traction.
My goal is to find a new group of friends and I figure with my OCD/anxiety/panic who better than people who also suffer!
If you know of any decent groups with a demographic in their 20's/30's that would be of great help.
I am in Irvine and ideally would like to find something nearby but...
I drive about 11 miles one way / 22 miles round trip. I think it's kinda a lot considering I drive a moderate amount in general. The more you drive often, the more people get use to it. Everybody has their own definition what is a short, average, or far commute.
To those who commute more then 1 hour, 40-50+ miles one way, I applaud you. That's sounds INSANEE to many people. If one is driving that much 4-5+ times a week, doesn't it make sense to move there if you can afford it.
I would rather donate clothes and goods (toiletries, etc) to organizations where they will go directly to the people that need them, rather than a thrift store like goodwill or the salvation army. I don't care if my donation will be tax deductible or not, I would just prefer to know that they're being put to good used rather than say being sold for pennies on the dollar or worse, sold in bulk for scrap cloth.
I would really appreciate any info! Closer to the Irvine/Huntington Beach/Costa...
It's a long shot I know but I went into my garage and my snowboard, boots, bindings, and goggles were stolen out of my garage. I'm in Mission Viejo and I don't know how long ago it was taken. Its been within a month at least. If anyone out there frequently goes snowboarding keep an eye out if you can. I don't really expect to get anything back but I bought this all brand new like 6 months ago from CBS boardshop and I'm pretty bummed... Heres pics of the gear.
So a request for the more experienced Orange County residents. I'm looking for a place to live in orange county, and I would like it to be in an area that has a good social scene going on. I'm not a bar person really, so other social scenes. Ideas? Why? Thanks in advance!