Unemployment, inflation and political chaos followed the First World War in Germany. Yet it was then that graphic design emerged as part of a modern industrial society in the cities of central Northern Europe, not just on posters in the streets, but in letterheads, advertising leaflets, lighted neon sign letters, catalogues for industrial components, and trade fairs. Germany, situated between two powerful avant-gardes, was open to their influence.
To the east was Communism and Constructivism in Soviet Russia; to the west, the doctrinaire enthusiasms of the Dutch De Stijl artists. What was called Commercial Art survived in advertising, notably in the work of the outstanding poster artists such as Hohlwein and Bcrnhard. But visual communication in the 1920s was shaped by the avant-garde artists.
The most prominent artistic movements at the end of the war were Expressionism and Dada. Posters, books and journals produced by Expressionist artists were marked by aggressive illustration, whose violent contrasts were matched by freely drawn lettering or by heavy typefaces originally designed for advertising, and incorporated into business signage designs, and eventualluy exploding in times square, with lighted neon signs, now replaced with lighted Led letters and digital signage.
There was an over-emphasis in these techniques, which left a few remarkable film posters but no lasting mark on design. It was the poets and artists of the Dada movement – anti-establishment, anti-military, anti-art – with their Futurist disdain for tradition, who continued the revolution in the use of words and images. They particularly employed montage, the assembly of ready-made images, and they mixed all kinds of letter forms and printers' ornaments in typographic compositions, bill boards and street advertising.
The advertisement designed by John Heartfield in 1917 to advertise a portfolio of lithographs by his fellow Dadaist George Grosz combined old engraved blocks, found at the printer, with slogans in sans-serif type. The need to lock the type into the printing press demanded rectangular units and thus imposed a strict vertical-horizontal arrangement. To Heartfield this was no restriction: he poured wet plaster around the angled tvpe and blocks to hold them in position for printing. These where then blown up by gpahic artists and used for business signage, and using channel signs for business advertising.
So there was a little dog today that got caught inside the lockjaw of a bigger dog. Super sad, but I think the little one ended up being okay SOMEHOW. This afternoon was my second time going out there so I dont really know what's notmal there and what's not. What do you guys do when unleashed dogs approach your dog in a place like that?
FYI, I didnt see the whole situation unfold, just the struggle and the yelling
Horrible? Ok? Google maps says 19 minutes. Obviously that will be longer during rush hour. Anyone do this commute and have any input? My work hours will be 9-6 and office is just south east of airport in one of the bank buildings. Thanks!!
My friend and I are going to the Electric Daisy Carnival in Las Vegas and are looking for more people to go with. Just looking to make new friends and make the overall trip and experience much cheaper. I just think it'll be more fun to go in a group! (M25/M25), we're located in Orange County Santa Ana.
Hello, we're looking for 1 person to move into the large downstairs bedroom in this condo. It is located about 5 minutes away from the Irvine Spectrum, and close to the 133/405/5 freeways.
THE ROOM -Room measures about 15x20 in size. -It has a 3 door sliding closet that fits a lot of clothes, and can be used for storage -Has a sliding glass door to the back lawn area, and a little concrete patio -Carpeted -Unfurnished -Bathroom will be shared with 1 female roommate.
I was thinking it might be fun to take some photos of surfers this weekend. However I don't know what are the best beaches for surfing in Orange County. Do you guys have any ideas? Do I need to be out early in the morning?
My husband and I are considering moving our family (just us and our son) to Irvine. We currently live in Pittsburgh and we're so tired of dreary days. Also, there are many more job opportunities out there for him. He should be making 90-120k to start, and once I secure a job we'll have more. In Pittsburgh we can afford a small house in a nice area. I know we'll have much less there but does the amazing weather and sunshine make it worthwhile? I have seasonal depression so it really does...