Monthly Archive: November 2014

Regular Sign drafting practice.

In a second method, frequently called “Push Through Letters”, the letters cut from the aluminum face. Acrylic letters are cutout a little smaller sized to fit thru the cut out aluminum. The density of the acrylic letters will vary from 1/2″ thick to 1″ thick. The acrylic letters are then fused to a backup acrylic sheet, and the backup sheet is then connected to the back of the aluminum face so that the letters press thru the cutout spaces.

Bronze/ Brass. Bronze and brass are mostly alloys of copper and zinc, plus traces of other metals, in differing proportions. They can be cast from ingots, sawn from sheet material or extruded. Smaller sized sign fabricators are generally restricted in the size of sections that can be poured. Their bright surfaces can be preoxidized by chemical attack or can be left to oxidize naturally in the weather condition. If oxidization is not desirable, manganese can be included to the alloy and the surface can be maintained through such coatings as lacquers or liquid plastics.

Red brass is an alloy of 84-86 percent copper and 14 percent zinc.
Yellow brass is an alloy of 70 percent copper and 30 percent zinc. Brass accepts chrome plating much better than bronze, and is therefore preferred for that purpose.

Casting. Cast metal signs are strong, one piece signs or individual letter forms of a fairly heavy gauge. They are soften used when resilience or eminence identification is needed.

Mounting. Metal signs are installed with metal-rod wall fasteners, various adhesives, or by welding, brazing, or soldering onto a metal surface area.

Sawing, Cutting
Fabrication Process. A paper pattern is made and connected to a metal plate. Following the pattern, the sign is cut out with a band saw. Any metal is functional that can be sawed. Stainless steel, as an example, can be consumed to a thickness of about 1/8 inch (.3 millimeters) or aluminum approximately 1/2 inch (1.3 millimeters).

Completing requires just the removal of any rough edges by belt sanding and filing. Further treatment could involve enameling, plating, or anodizing. Wall accessory techniques are generally the like those for cast metal signs.

Making Sheet Metal. Produced sheet metal signs are hollow, thin-walled three-dimensional signs. They are constructed by hand from numerous separate pieces. Sides and face of the sign’s are flat and generally broad in location. Numerous sheet metals such as stainless steel, copper, or aluminum might be used.

Fabrication Process. A paper pattern of the signface is connected to the metal and the kinds are eliminated. These kinds are provided depth with the addition of sides. Sides and face are seamed by either soldering for steel, heliarc welding for aluminum, or brazing for copper. Size constraints for this type of sign are really versatile and can rise to 10 feet (3 meters) in length. The surface area of the sign can be finished by polishing, plating, anodizing, or enameling.

 

As with regular sign drafting practice, certain lines are used in sketching to indicate a specific meaning. Approximately the same lines are used in sketching as in engineering sign drawing.
Construction. One of the lines most often used in sketching is the construction line. It is a fine, thin, light gray line that is used for layout purposes. It is used to establish the placement of object, hidden, center, cutting plans, extension and dimension lines.
Object. This line is a thick bold, black, dense line that is used to define all visible aspects of an object. The object line represents an edge view of a surface or the intersection
CONSTRUCTION – LIGHT, GRAY
OBJECT – THICK, BLACK
HIDDEN – MEDIUM OR BLACK
CENTER – THIN, BLACK
CUTTING PLANE – THICK, BLACK
Typical lines used in sketching.
Sketching of any two surfaces that have a definite change in direction.
Hidden. A hidden line is a thick or medium dense bright black line that represents an outline on an edge view of a surface or the intersection of two surfaces that cannot be seen.
As the name implies, it is hidden by another part of the object. The hidden line is made up of a series of dashes approximately 4″ in length with about 2″ space between.
Channel Letter Signs Orange County
Center. A center line is a thin black dense line that is used to indicate the center of an object, a hole, a cylinder, or a cone. The center line is made up of a series of alternating long and short dashes. The length of the long dash is approximately %” to 1 XA” in length and the length of the short dash is approximately Vs” to VA “. The space between each of these dashes is approximately 1”. The length of the long and short dashes will vary, depending ultimately upon the size of the sketch.
Dimension. This line is a thin, dense, black line approximately the same width as the center line. The dimension line carries the dimensional value of the line to which it refers. An arrow head is placed at either end of the dimension line.
Extension. An extension line is used to refer the dimension line to the object. It too, like the center line and dimension line, is a thin, dense, black line.
Leader. Leaders are used to direct a note to a sign drawing. In architectural sign drawing practice a leader may be either curved or straight. It is a thin, black, dense line.
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